Explain 2 historical policies pertaining to child welfare and 2 current (or recent) aspects of child welfare not relating to out-of-home placement (aka “child welfare” as a part of DHS).
2 Historical Policies:
1. The creation of the New York Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children was established after the legal proceedings of a child named Mary Ellen. The police were not willing to act. Ultimately, a lawyer from the New York Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals took Mary Ellen’s case instead, which was heard in the New York Supreme Court in 1874.
2. Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (CAPTA) of 1974: This standardized child protective services across all states. It also allowed to data collection. Reports of abuse/neglect rose significantly through the 80’s while funding was decreasing.
2 Current Policies/Practices:
1. Headstart: Established in 1964. Child welfare program for low-income children, intended to offset the disadvantage poor children have. Includes health and dental screening, nutrition, socialization, and kindergarten preparation.
2. WIC: Program to provide supplemental nutrition to low-income mothers and expecting mothers. The intention of this program is to provide mothers with adequate nutrition to prevent babies being born with low birth weights. Low birth weights are closely related with developmental disabilities. However, only half of those eligible for WIC participate in the program.
Karger, H. J., & Stoesz, D. (2013). American social welfare policy: A pluralist approach (7th ed.). New York: Allyn & Bacon.